Project: “Developing a homemade bread using wheat from the Aiguamolls de l’Empordà Nature Park.” Tramontana bread.

The Ecomuseu-Farinera has been participating in the “Developing a homemade bread using wheat from the Aiguamolls de l’Empordà Nature Park” project since 2008. It is a long-term project whose goal is to bake a unique kind of bread using the traditional wheat varieties cultivated in the farmlands of the Aiguamolls de l’Empordà Nature Park.

These wheat varieties yield high-quality flour, which is the basis of a characteristic, distinctive local bread crafted by the Artisan Bakers’ Guild of the Girona Counties.

This project is part of the economic and tourism development plan revolving around sustainable agriculture within the Aiguamolls de l’Empordà Nature Park. This plan is being developed by the Castelló d’Empúries Town Hall in conjunction with the Department of Agriculture, Livestock, Fishing, Food and Environment of the Generalitat de Catalunya, the Mas Badia-IRTA (Institute of Agro-Food Research and Technology) Foundation, the farmers who belong to the Agriculture Cooperative of Castelló d’Empúries and the Association of Farmers and Grangers of Castelló and its area of influence.

The strategic goal of the programme is to preserve, recover and improve the region’s landscape quality based on productive diversity, the consolidation of the agriculture and livestock sectors, the implementation of conservation-based productive systems and the crafting of unique, high-quality products. Another goal is to reaffirm the natural heritage and environmental values of the Aiguamolls de l’Empordà Nature Park by showcasing the value of the landscape, its agricultural products and the outstanding efforts of our farmers, whose day-to-day toil allows us to enjoy open areas of extraordinary beauty.

The process of fully developing and implementing the project is based on the conception of artisanship and region. These values will be visible in the product, which takes the following aspects into account:

  • Recovering and improving knowledge of the traditional and old varieties of wheat.
  • Incorporating new production techniques.
  • Obtaining a high-quality product.
  • Commercialising a product associated with the region and with traditional activities.
  • Increasing the profit at each link in the production chain.
  • Disseminating activities that are closely tied to the history of the town and the Aiguamolls de l’Empordà Nature Park.


Current status of the project

Three years ago, several farmers in Castelló d’Empúries started growing ancient wheat varieties, namely Anza, Arianne and Florence Aurora. IRTA Mas Badia, with the support of the Department of Agriculture, Livestock, Fishing, Food and Environment of the Generalitat de Catalunya, has participated in prospecting, recovering, testing and evaluating these varieties and applying them in the project. In turn, the Artisan Bakers’ Guild of the Girona Counties has already conducted the first bread-baking tests, with outstanding results.

The bread that was created as part of this project was unveiled at the 14th edition of the Bread, Flour and Wheat Fair held on the 12th of June 2011.

“Eco-markets of Castelló d'Empúries” project

From 2009 to 2011, the Ecomuseu-Farinera, in conjunction with the Environment Department of the Castelló d’Empúries Town Hall and the Aiguamolls de l’Empordà Nature Park, held Eco-Markets in Castelló d’Empúries, monthly markets purveying local, ecological, high-quality products.

These products are made from raw materials without any chemical additives or GMOs and with the philosophy of reviving the values of our land based on respect for the environment following sustainability criteria, since we encourage fair trade by purchasing directly from the producer.

Parallel to the markets, free workshops were also held to promote ecology, along with guided tours of the factory to share the village’s rich flour-making history.

Social Perception of Science’ project by mNACTEC

The Ecomuseu-Farinera participates, along with other museums in the system and other entities (Universitat de Barcelona, UOC–Grup Musei@, Barcelona Cultural Institute), in the ‘Social Perception of Science & Technology via Industrial & Cultural Heritage: experimental study’ project, which is part of the National Programme for the Promotion of Scientific and Technological Culture of the Ministry of Education and Science. We have taken surveys throughout the year among our public to draft an initial statistical approach about the issue.

One of the most visible results of the project has been the creation of an audiovisual by the mNACTEC Territorial System, which will be screened in the multipurpose hall that shall be in place after the restoration of the Cultural Centre. 

The mini hydroelectric power plant

The Farinera de Castelló d’Empúries has a Francis turbine from 1905, installed by the company Planas i Flaquer in Girona, which supplied the energy to make the factory operate. This turbine also provided energy for the first street lighting in our town.

The Ecomuseu-Farinera has a project for reviving this usage. The operation of the hydraulic turbine to generate electricity will let us opt for the usage of renewable energies for optimisation compared to other energies that pollute the ecosystem, thus collaborating with the sustainable development of the town.

Study for hydraulic repairs and public use of the 'Rec del Molí'

The plan was drawn up in 2003 by the company TRES-60 INNOVACIÓ SL. The objective was to detect the condition of the infrastructure and develop an executive project, including a budget, allowing us to apply for subsidies.

We are currently working to find the financing required to carry out the proposal that plans for the creation of a route that would let visitors see the landscape and educational values of the ‘Rec del Molí’ firsthand.

Project De Itinere, Interreg III A (2003-2006)

The Ecomuseu-Farinera de Castelló d'Empúries participated in the project Interreg III-A France-Spain: ‘De Itinere’. This is an interregional development plan to reveal rural and cultural heritage, improve quality in the region, promote native artisans and market the agricultural products executed by different partners in the areas of Mollet del Vallès, Elna and Castelló d'Empúries.

The Ecomuseu-Farinera participated in several initiatives:

A common telematic space

  • The holding of three transborder agricultural markets with artisans from the three territories
  • The organisation of the technical conference ‘Les agrobotigues’ (the agricultural shops), an emerging business
  • 1st year of the Artisan Guide, which can be consulted on the web