UN PATRIMOINE PARTICULIER

Ours is utterly unique; we have maintained industrial heritage made up of the flour factory machinery from the end of the 19th century, and we have also conserved natural heritage, such as the ‘Rec del Molí', a water channel dating back to the medieval ages.

The building, along with the channel, was acquired in 1995 by the Castelló d’Empúries Town Hall to convert it into an ecomuseum. 

Since 1997, it has been one of the museums in the Science and Technology Museum System of Catalonia, a group of museums that are located throughout the territory and explain industrialisation in Catalonia as one of the most important historic events in our country. 

The Farinera

The industrial flour-making heritage of the village is conserved and disseminated at the Farinera, witness of an activity that has been done in the municipality since the medieval era.
 
Visits to the Ecomuseu-Farinera de Castelló d’Empúries entails a tour of the Farinera, an example of a flour factory that used the Austro-Hungarian system, which appeared in Budapest in 1837 and spread quickly throughout Europe, since it had great advantages compared to traditional milling techniques.

In Castelló d’Empúries, the former flour mill was transformed into a flour factory at the end of the 19th century, a flour factory that opened its doors as a museum in 1998.

The ‘Rec del Molí’

From the sluicegate in Vilanova de la Muga to the Farinera, the ‘Rec del Molí’ has a total distance of some 5 km. Throughout its trajectory, the channel passes through kitchen gardens, fields, enclosed in a changing and surprising landscape that becomes exceptional when the channel borders Castelló d’Empúries and utilises the former moat of the medieval wall to conduct the water to the reservoir of the Farinera.

Uses of the ‘Rec’

Throughout its trajectory, the channel fulfils its traditional uses and other new ones, dictated by mankind’s changing needs.

The large part of the waters from the ‘Rec del Molí’ is used to irrigate the fields and farmlands that border the channel. This is obtained thanks to the usage of small constructions with sluices, popularly known as boixes.

When reaching the Farinera, the waterfall makes it possible for the 1905 Francis turbine to generate enough mechanical energy to make the entire factory operate. It was installed by the company Planas i Flaquer from Girona.

This turbine also provided energy for the first street lighting in our town, a usage that will hopefully be revived for the Ecomuseu-Farinera.
When leaving the Farinera, the water is pumped and conducted towards water purification plant where it is transformed into water suitable for human consumption.

The public laundry, a further attraction of the town, is also filled with water from the ‘Rec del Molí’.

In past times, the waters from the ‘Rec del Molí’ also supplied a drinking trough and the municipal slaughterhouse, currently not in use.

Finally, the waters from the channel are conducted towards the lagoons in Vilahut, included in Integral Reserve I of the Natural Park of Aiguamolls de l’Empordà. 

Routes to see the ‘Rec’

Due to the great landscape and educational values of the ‘Rec del Molí’, a route is being planned that will let everybody see firsthand how man has made use of the resources provided by nature, without damaging them, and the landscape resulting from its exploitation.

Presently, you can walk alongside the Rec from the Farinera to the bridge of La Mercè, the point at which the channel becomes an exceptionally beautiful part of the landscape, since the former moat of the medieval wall is utilised as the channel here.